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南京教师资格证考试_2018成人高考专升本英语复习资料之状语从句

2019-03-24 07:50江苏自考网标签:
南京教师资格证考试

在成人高考专升本的考试中有很多知识点是小而细的,在复习的过程中很容易忽略,小编为大家列举了一些复习的知识点,希望对大家的考试有帮助。

状语从句

时间状语从句

(1)when,as,while

a)when表示“当…时”。when引出的时间状语从句,其中的动词既可以是延续性动作的动词,也可以是瞬间性动作动词。可以表示主句的动作和从句的动作同时发生,或者从句的动作发生在主句的动作之前。

如:When you apply for a job,you must present yourcredentials.当你申请工作时,你必须递交你的有关证件。(同时)

When the students heard the teache's footsteps,they all stopped talking.当学生们听到老师的脚步声时,他们都停止了说话。(从句动作发生在前)

when还可以表示just then(正在那时)的意思,此时其引导的从句只放在主句之后。

如:we were about to start when it began to rain.我们正要动身,突然下起雨来。

b)while表示“在…期间”或“在某一段时间里”,其所引导的从句的动作是延续性的,并侧重表示和主句动作的同时发生。

如:While the teacher paraphrased the text in English,the students listenedattentively and took notes.当老师用英语阐释课文时,同学们注意地听并且做着笔记。

The door bell rang while I was watching TV.我正在看电视的时候门铃响了。

while 还可以做并列连词,相当于whereas,连接一个表示对比的并列分句。

如:Mary was dressed in blue while Jane was dressed inred.玛丽穿蓝色的衣服,而珍妮穿红色的衣服。

c)as 表示“当…时”或“一边…一边”。他引导的时间状语从句的动作也是延续性的,并且侧重主句动作和从句动作的同时发生。

如:As the students walked to their dorms,they sanghappily.学生们一边往宿舍走,一边快乐的唱着歌。

(2)whenever,each time,every time任何时候;每当

如:Whenever/Every time/Each time I met her,she wasstudying.我每次看见她时,她总是在学习。

(3)since(自从),ever since(从那时起一直到现在)

since,ever since 引导的从句通常用一般过去时,主句中的谓语动词用完成时。

如:We have never met since we graduated from the college.我们自从大学毕业后就没有见过面。

(4)before(在……之前),after(在……之后)

before引导的从句一般表示主句的动作发生在从句动作之前,如从句是过去时,主句一般要用过去完成时。after引导的从句,表示主句的动作发生在从句的动作之后,如主句是过去时,从句一般用过去完成时。

如:I had written my dissertation before my supervisor wentabroad.在导师出国之前,我已完成了我的学位论文。

After the boy had finished his homework,he played football with hisfriends.这个小男孩在完成作业后,和他的小伙伴们踢了一会球。

(5)till, until

如果主句的谓语动词是延续性动词,就常用肯定式表示“直到……为止”

如:He will remain in college until(till)he finished his Ph.Dcourse.他将留在学校里面直到完成他的博士学位课程。

如果主句的谓语动词是瞬间动词,就常用否定表示“直到……才”

如:I will not go with you until(till)I finish my homework.等我做完作业我才和你一起去。

(6)as soon as,immediately,directly,once,the moment,nosooner…than,hardly…when等引导的从句都表示从句的动作一发生,主句的动作随即就发生了。即“一……就”。

如:As soon as we got home,the telephone rang.我们一到家,电话就响了。

注:no sooner…than, hardly…when引导的从句,主句中的动词用过去完成时,从句用过去时。且no sooner,hardly位于句首,要倒装主句的主谓。

He had no sooner arrived home than he was asked to start on anotherjourney.他一到家,就又要出另一次差。

No sooner had he arrived home than he was asked to start on anotherjouney.

地点状语从句

引导地点状语从句的连词有:where (在……地方),wherever (无论哪里),everywhere (到处),anywhere(任何地方)等。

如:Where there is a will,there is a way. 有志者事竟成。

You can go wherever you like these days.这些天你可以去你想去的地方。

原因状语从句

(1)because表示人们不知道的直接的原因或理由,着重点在从句,即because引出的从句为全句句意的中心所在。通常用于回答why提出的疑问,语气最强,除了特别强调外,该从句一般位于主句后面。

since表示对方已知的、无须加以说明的既成事实的理由。全句的中心在主句上,语气比because弱,译为“既然”。引出的状语从句一般放在句首。

as表示十分明显的原因,一般说明因果关系,着重点在主句,语气更弱,常译为“由于”。引出的状语从句一般放在句首。

for 引出的分句,语气最弱,主要是补充说明原因,解释另外一个分句,且只能放在句子后部。

如:I didn't go abroad with her because I couldn't affordit.我没有和她一起出国是因为费用太高。

Since traveling by air is much faster,they decided to take aplane.既然乘飞机旅行快得多,他们就决定坐飞机。

As it is snowing,we shall not climb the mountain.由于在下雪,我们就不爬山了。

It must have rained last night,for the ground is wet.昨晚准下雨了,地面是湿的。

(2)now that, seeing that, considering that, in that表示鉴于,由于。inthat只能放在主句之后。

如:Now that you have passed your test,you can drive on yourown.你驾驶考试既然已经合格,就可以独自开车了。

Seeing that the weather is bad,we'll stay at home.由于天气不好,我们要呆在家了。

I am in a slightly awkward position,in that he‘s not arriving until10th.我的处境有点难堪,因为他要十号才来。

条件状语从句

(1)if (如果),unless(除非);unless相当于if not.

如:I will buy a computer if I am able to save up enough money.如果我能存下足够的钱,我就买台电脑。

Unless the weather was bad,my father always used to take a walk in theevening.除非天气不好,我的父亲晚上总是去散步。

(2)suppose/supposing that,provided/providing that(假如)

如:Supposing that it rains,can we play the match indoors?要是下雨,我们在室内比赛行吗?

Iwill agree to go provided that my expenses are paid.假如为我负担费用,我就同意去。

让步状语从句

although,though引导让步状语从句,主句不能用 “but”。

如:Although they lack official support,they continue theirstruggle.他们虽然没有得到官方的支持,但仍然继续奋斗。

as虽然,尽管。引导让步状语,常放在作表语、状语的形容词、名词、副词后面。

如:Strong as you may be,you can not lift it. 尽管你可能很有力气,你却无法把他提起来。

Hard as he tried,he was unable to make much progress.他虽然竭尽全力,但是没有取得多大的进步。

目的状语从句

so that, in order that 。引导目的状语从句,从句的谓语常用can,could,may,might,shall,should,will, would等情态动词。in orderthat可以位于主句的前面或后面。so that引导的从句只能放在主句之后。

如:They started early so that they might arrive in time.他们早点动身,以便准时到达。

In order that they could go around West Lake,they stopped atHangzhou.为了游览西湖,他们在杭州停了下来。

结果状语从句

(1)so …that;such…that表示“如此……以至于”

so 后面通常接形容词或副词。such后面通常为名词。如果名词前有many,much等修饰,要用so…that...

such+a/an+adj+单数名词+that可以换成so+adj.+a/an+单数名词+that

如:There is so little time left that I have to tell you about itlater.现在剩下的时间不多了,我只只好以后再给你讲这事。

He told us such a funny story that we all laughed.

He told us so funny a story that we all laughed.

2003年第17小题:

It was ____that a hundred people looked lost in it .

A so a large room B a so large room C such a large room D such large aroom

(2)so that“以至于,所以”。引导的结果状语从句之前可以有逗号。

如:She phoned me on arrival so that I knew she was safe andsound.她到达之后给我打了电话,我知道她平安无恙。

注:sothat可以引导结果状语从句也可以引导目的状语从句,除了根据句意来判断外,还可以根据结构形式来判断。若从句前有逗号,一般为结果状语从句。如果从句中有情态动词,一般则为目的状语从句。

如:They started out early,so that they did not miss thetrain.他们早早出发了,所以没有误了火车。(结果状语)

They started out early so that they would not miss thetrain.他们早早出发是为了不误火车。(目的状语)

方式状语从句

(1)as(正如)引导方式状语从句

如:She enjoys all kinds of music,as I do.她各种音乐都喜爱,和我一样。

Why didn't you catch the last bus as I told you to?你怎么不听我的话赶乘末班公共汽车呢?

注:口语中like可以用作连词,当作as 使用。

如:Nobody understands him like /as I do. 没有人能像我这样理解他。

(2)as if/though(好像)引导方式状语从句往往用虚拟,表示与事实相反。

如:They looked at me as if /as though I were mad.他们看着我好像我发疯了似的。

南京教师资格证考试