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专业选择_专升本语法|“引语”你知多少?

2019-03-25 07:44江苏自考网标签:成考英语语法 大学英语语法 引语
专业选择

  今天小编想给大家讲解的是英语中的直接引语和间接引语。

  1、定义:直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用自己的词语来转述表达原来说话人说的内容,称为间接引语。

  2、直接引语改变为间接引语:

  直接引语如果是陈述句,变为间接引语时应注意以下各点:

  ①不用引号,而用连接词that,但有时可省略。

  ②人称作相应变化;

  如:She said, “I went to see Mr. Liu yesterday.” 她说:“我昨天去看过刘老师了。”

  She said that she had gone to see Mr. Liu the day before. 她说那天她去看过刘老师了。

  ③时态的变化如下:

  直接引语间接引语

  一般现在时:

  “I am very glad to visit your workshop,” she said.

  “我很高兴参观你们的车间。”她说。

  一般过去时:

  She said that she was very glad to visit our workshop.

  她说她很高兴参观我们的车间。

  正在进行时:

  “I am checking your homework now,”his mother said.

  “我现在正在检查你的作业,”他母亲说。

  过去进行时:

  His mother said that she was checking his homework then. 他母亲说她当时正在检查他的作业。

  现在完成时:

  “Have you handed in the money for the tickets?”the monitor asked. “你交票款了吗?”班长问。

  过去完成时:

  The monitor asked me if I had handed in the money for the tickets. 班长问我是否交票款了。

  一般过去时:

  She said, “My mother took me to an exhibition yesterday.” 她说,“我母亲昨天带我去

  过去完成时:

  She said that her mother had taken her to an exhibition the day before. 她说她母亲前一天带她去

  但是,要注意下面的情况:直接引语说的是科学真理、格言时,无论主句用何时态,间接引语仍用一般时。如:

  The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.”老师说:“太阳在东方升起,在西边落下。”

  The teacher said that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

  3、直接引语变为间接引语时,指示代词以及表示时间和地点的词或词组应作相应变化

  直接引语祈使句,变成间接引语的“顺口溜”是:去掉引号要加to;ask order须记住,直接引语是否定式,not加在to前部。

  对于人称变化,要求学生们记住的“顺口溜”是:第一人称看主语,第二人称看宾语,宾语若是不存在,活用代词I, me, my

  直接引语是特殊疑问句,变成间接引语的“顺口溜”是:直接去引号,陈述莫忘掉,小心助动词,丢它最重要。

  直接引语为一般疑问句,变成间接引语的“顺口溜”是:去掉引号加if,陈述语序要记住,时态人称和状语,小心变化别马虎。

  直接引语为陈述句,变成间接引语的“顺口溜”是:去掉引号加that

  

专业选择